Dr. Clifford Rogers

Professor
clifford.rogers@westpoint.edu

Biography


PROF Clifford Rogers graduated magna cum laude from Rice University, where he triple-majored in economics, history, and policy studies, before earning his MA and Ph.D. in military history from The Ohio State University. He was a Fulbright fellow in the U.K. and an Olin fellow at Yale prior to joining the USMA faculty in 1995. After a year away from the Academy as a Leverhulme Visiting Professor at the University of Wales, Swansea, he was promoted to Professor of History in 2006. Professor Rogers was a co-founder (in 2002) and remains a co-editor of The Journal of Medieval Military History, and also is the co-Senior Editor of the digital, interactive West Point History of Warfare. He has been honored with the Royal Historical Society Alexander Prize Medal; the Society for Military History Moncado Prize and Distinguished Book Award; the De Re Militari Verbruggen Prize (twice) and Bachrach Medal; the Army Historical Foundation Distinguished Writing Award (three times); the Society for Military History – George C. Marshall Foundation Prize for the Use of Digital Technology in Teaching Military History; the Department of the Army Commander’s Award for Public Service Medal, Commander’s Award for Civilian Service Medal, and Army Superior Civilian Service Medal; and the USMA Department of History Excellence in Teaching Award.

Ongoing Research Projects


Ongoing research projects include an article on “Quantifying Siege Warfare in the Hundred Years War” (to be co-authored with Cadets Daniel Berardino, Ryne Hicks, Liam Kane, and Zach Watters), an edition/translation of the fourteenth-century St. Omer Chronicle, and work on the development of gunpowder during its first century of use in Europe.

Publications & Presentations


"Edward III and the Dialectics of Strategy, 1327-1360," Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., 4 (1994): 83-102. Reprinted in The Wars of Edward III, and in Kelly DeVries, ed., Medieval Warfare, 1300-1450 (London: Ashgate, 2010).

"The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years’ War," The Journal of Military History 57 (April, 1993): 241-278. Reprinted with revisions in C. J. Rogers, ed. The Military Revolution Debate (Boulder: Westview, 1995), and reprinted in Paul E. J. Hammer, ed. Warfare in Early Modern Europe, 1450-1660 (London: Ashgate, 2007).

“The Offensive/Defensive in Medieval Strategy,” From Crécy to Mohács: Warfare in the Late Middle Ages (1346-1526). Acta of the XXIInd Colloquium of the International Commission of Military History (Vienna, 1996) (Vienna: Heeresgeschichtliches Museum/Militärhistorisches Institut, 1997): 158-171.

“The Efficacy of the Medieval Longbow: A Reply to Kelly DeVries,” War in History 5, no. 2 (1998): 233-42.

“An Unknown News Bulletin from the Siege of Tournai in 1340,” War in History, 5, no. 3 (1998): 358-366.

“The Scottish Invasion of 1346,” Northern History 34 (1998): 51-69.

“Three New Accounts of the Neville’s Cross Campaign,” C. J. Rogers and M. C. Buck. Northern History 34 (1998): 70-81.

“The Age of the Hundred Years War,” in Medieval Warfare: A History, ed. Maurice Keen (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999): 136-160.

“A Continuation of the Manuel d'histoire de Philippe VI for the Years 1328-1339,” English Historical Review 94 (1999): 1256-1266.

“‘Military Revolutions’ and ‘Revolutions in Military Affairs’: A Historian’s Perspective” in Thierry Gongora and Harald von Riekhoff (eds.), Toward a Revolution in Military Affairs? Defense and Security at the Dawn of the 21st Century (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2000): 21-36.

"The Anglo-French Peace Negotiations of 1354-1360 Reconsidered," in The Age of Edward III, ed. James Bothwell (York: York Medieval Press, 2001): 193-213.

“‘As If a New Sun Had Arisen:’ England’s Fourteenth-century RMA,” in The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050, ed. MacGregor Knox and Williamson Murray (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2001): 15-34.

“By Fire and Sword: Bellum Hostile and 'Civilians' in the Hundred Years War,” in Civilians in the Path of War, ed. Mark Grimsley and Clifford J. Rogers (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002): 33-78.

“Clausewitz, Genius, and the Rules,” Journal of Military History 66 (2002): 1167-76.

“The Vegetian ‘Science of Warfare’ in the Middle Ages,” Journal of Medieval Military History 1 (2003): 1-20.

“The Bergerac Campaign (1345) and the Generalship of Henry of Lancaster,” Journal of Medieval Military History 2 (2004): 89-110.

"The Medieval Legacy,” Early Modern Military History, ed. Geoff Mortimer (London: Palgrave, 2004): 6-24.

“Henry V’s Military Strategy in 1415,” The Hundred Years War: A Wider Focus, ed. L. J. Andrew Villalon and Donald J. Kagay (Leiden: Brill, 2005): 399-427.

“Sir Thomas Dagworth in Brittany, 1346-7: Restellou and La Roche Derrien,” Journal of Medieval Military History 3 (2005): 127-154.

“The Battle of Agincourt,” The Hundred Years War (Part II): Different Vistas, ed. L. J. Andrew Villalon and Donald J. Kagay (Leiden: Brill, 2008): 37-132.

“The Practice of War,” A Companion to the Medieval World, ed. Edward D. English and Carol L. Lansing (London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009): 435-454.

“The Black Prince in Gascony and France (1355-6), According to MS78 of Corpus Christi College, Oxford,” Journal of Medieval Military History 7 (2009): 168-175.

“The Idea of Military Revolutions in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Texts,” Revista de História das Ideias 30 (2009): 395-415.

“Tactics and the Face of Battle,” in Frank Tallett and D.J.B. Trim, eds. European Warfare, 1350-1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010): 203-235.

“The Artillery and Artillery Fortress Revolutions Revisited,” in Nicolas Prouteau, Emmanuel de Crouy-Chanel and Nicolas Faucherre, eds., Artillerie et Fortification, 1200-1600 (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2011): 75-80.

“The Longbow, the Infantry Revolution, and Technological Determinism,” The Journal of Medieval History 37 (2011): 321-341.

“The Siege: An Iconic Form of Medieval Warfare” [Reprint of a chapter from Soldiers’ Lives] in Icons of the Middle Ages: Rulers, Writers, Rebels and Saints, ed. Lister M. Matheson (New York: ABC-CLIO, 2012), 631-678.

“Giraldus Cambrensis, Edward I, and the Conquest of Wales,” in Successful Strategies. Triumphing in War and Peace from Antiquity to the Present, ed. Williamson Murray and Richard Hart Sinnreich (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2014), 65-99.

“Carolingian Cavalry in Battle: The Evidence Reconsidered,” in Crusading and Warfare in the Middle Ages: Realities and Representations. Essays in Honour of John France, ed. Simon John and Nicolas Morton (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014), 1-11.

“Early and High Medieval Warfare,” The West Point History of Warfare, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and Ty Seidule, vol. 1, European Warfare to 1900, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and John Stapleton, Jr. (New York: Rowan Technology Solutions, 2015). Web Reader and iBook editions.

“Warfare in the Late Middle Ages: The Hundred Years War, 1337-1453,” The West Point History of Warfare, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and Ty Seidule, vol. 1, European Warfare to 1900, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and John Stapleton, Jr. (New York: Rowan Technology Solutions, 2015). Web Reader and iBook editions.

“Warfare,” in The Cambridge World History, vol. 5, Expanding Webs of Exchange and Conquest, 500 CE-1500 CE, ed. Benjamin Z. Kedar and Merry Wiesner-Hanks (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2015): 145-178.

“Afghanistan: The Thirty Years War and Counting,” by Lester W. Grau and Clifford J. Rogers, in The West Point History of Warfare, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and Ty Seidule, vol. 4, Warfare since 1945, ed. Clifford J. Rogers, Ty Seidule and Gail Yoshitani (New York: Rowan Technology Solutions, 2015). Web Reader and iBook editions.

“The Anglo-Burgundian Alliance and Grand Strategy in the Hundred Years War,” Grand Strategy and Military Alliances, ed. Peter R. Mansoor and Williamson Murray (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016): 216-253.

“Assessing the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon: Clausewitz and Jomini,” (e-book chapter) in The West Point History of Warfare, ed. Clifford J. Rogers and Ty Seidule; chapter eds. Clifford J. Rogers and John Stapleton, Jr. (New York: Rowan Technology Solutions, 2017).

“The Symbolic Meaning of Edward III’s Garter Badge,” in Gary Baker, Craig Lambert, and David Simpkin, eds., Military Communities in Late Medieval England: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ayton (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2018): 125-146.

“Medieval Strategy and the Economics of Conquest,” The Journal of Military History 82 (2018): 709-38.

“Gunpowder Artillery in Europe, 1326-1500: Innovation and Impact,” in Robert S. Ehlers, Jr.; Sarah K. Douglas; and Daniel P. M. Curzon, eds., Technology, Violence and War. Essays in Honor of John F. Guilmartin, Jr. (Leiden: Brill, 2019): 39-71.

“A Note on Chandos Herald at the Battle of Nájera (1367),” The Medieval Chronicle 12 (2019): 227-37.

“Frontier Warfare in the St. Omer Chronicle,” in The Influence of Culture on Medieval Warfare: Essays in Honor of Richard P. Abels, ed. John D. Hosler and Steven Isaac (Forthcoming. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2019).

“The Study of Ancient and Medieval Military History: Benefits for Professional Military Education,” Estonian Yearbook of Military History (Forthcoming, 2019).

“England’s Greatest General,” MHQ 14 (2002): 34-45.

“The Fearsome Flemish Goedendag,” MHQ 16 (2004): 84-85.

“Essay Review: The Field & the Forge,” Journal of Military History 68 (2004): 1233-1239.

“Sir Thomas Dagworth,” New Dictionary of National Biography (Supplement) (Oxford U.P., ongoing.)

Thirteen entries in the International Encyclopedia of Military History, ed. James C. Bradford (New York: Routledge, 2006): Medieval Warfare and Military Systems (2000 words); Strategy, Operational Design, and Tactics (4000 words; also printed in HI301 Course Reader); Feudalism; Siege Warfare; Hastings; Homildon Hill; Halidon Hill; Edward, The Black Prince; Chevauchée; Shrewsbury; Maldon; Battle.

[As Translator, from French] Nicolas Savy, “The Chevauchée of John Chandos and Robert Knolles: Early March to Early June, 1369,” in Journal of Medieval Military History 7 (2009): 38-56.

"The Hundred Years War.” In Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. http://www.oxfordbibliographiesonline.com. [Over 14,000 words]

"Warfare and Military Organizations.” In Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. http://www.oxfordbibliographiesonline.com. [Over 14,000 words]

Eighteen entries in the Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, ed. C. J. Rogers (New York: Oxford, 2010): Late Medieval Britain: Historiography (3000 words); Late Medieval Britain: Sources (4000 words); Devastation and Ravaging; Cavalry; Agincourt, Battle of; Poitiers, Battle of (1356); Edward III; Constable; Marshal; La Roche Derrien, Siege and Battle of; Dupplin Moor, Battle of; Halidon Hill, Battle of; Henry of Grosmont; Staveren, Battle of; Fire; Aiguillon, Siege of; Infantry, Mounted; Philip VI. Two additional entries by Constance Bouchard with Clifford J. Rogers: Chivalry: Historiography (3,000 words) and Chivalry: Sources (4,000 words).

Two entries in the Encyclopedia of War, ed. Gordon Martel (Oxford: Blackwell, 2012). “Poitiers/Tours (732), Battle of” [1,000 words]; “The Hundred Years War” [6,000 words].

Essay review of Jack S. Levy and William R. Thompson, The Arc of War: Origins, Escalation and Transformation, in H-Diplo/ISSF Roundtable Reviews 6, No. 1 (2013), pp. 18-28.

“The War at Midpoint,” in The West Point History of World War II, vol. 1, ed. Clifford J. Rogers, Ty Seidule, and Steve R. Waddell. Print edition: (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2015) 281-90. Enhanced E-Book edition: (New York: Rowan Technologies Solutions, 2015).

“La batalla de Poitiers (1356),” Desperta Ferro. Revista de historia militar y política. Antigua y medieval 38 (2016), 28-38.

“Bigger, Stronger, Faster. The Evolution of Cannon Design, 1326-1453,” Medieval Warfare 9 (2019) [forthcoming].